Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is based on the concept of using leverage and technique to overcome an opponent, regardless of their size or strength. The fundamental techniques of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu include takedowns, sweeps, submissions, and escapes. These techniques are practiced through drills and live sparring, both on the feet and on the ground.
Takedowns are techniques used to bring the opponent to the ground, where Brazilian Jiu Jitsu excels. Common takedowns include single and double leg takedowns, hip throws, and foot sweeps.
Once on the ground, the focus shifts to controlling the opponent’s body and securing advantageous positions. The most dominant position in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is the mount, where one practitioner is on top of the other and has control over their opponent’s movements. Other dominant positions include the back mount, side control, and guard.